About Us

Background:

Legacy of struggle against British Imperialism:
JUH, though formally launched in 1919, was inheritor of a rich legacy dating back to early 18th century when Shah Waliullah of Delhi led a revolution to change the whole system by drawing attention of people to the depredations of European imperialism, degeneration and corruption among oriental rulers.

During 1808 to 1915 the Ulama (Islamic Scholars) of hid legacy fought organized battles against the mighty British for the freedom of the country. The edict issued by Shah Abdul Aziz Dehlawi “Our country has been enslaved. To struggle for independence and to put an end to slavery is our duty.” Provided the impetus for raising up arms against imperialist forces by prominent Ulamas like Haji Imdadullah Mohajir Makki and his close disciples Maulana Qasim Nanotavi, Maulana Rashid Ahmad Gangohi and Hafiz Zamin Shaheed.


Ulama, the main target of British oppression:
After the defeat of 1857 revolt Ulama were the main target of the British oppression. Maulvi and rebel had become synonymous in their eyes. Of the 200,000 people martyred during the revolt 51,200 were Ulamas. Edward Timus himself admitted that in Delhi alone 500 Ulamas were hanged. Between 1864 and 1871 there were five major sedition cases against the Ulama which are known as “the Wahabi Cases” and the “Ambala Conspiracy Case”. In all these cases the accused were either sentenced to death or to life imprisonment.

Jamiat Ulama-I-Hind a step forward from armed resistance to Non-violent struggle:
The Ulamas started their struggle with armed resistance, but repeated failure in such attempts motivated them to revise their approach and adopt a new strategy. Particularly the failure of Silk Letter conspiracy in 1916 and arrest of 222 Ulamas, prominent amongst them, Shaikhul Hind Maulana Mahmood Hassan and his disciple Maulana Husain Ahmad Madani, along with Maulana Obaidullah Sindhi, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan and others forced them to restructure their strategy for resistance opting for non-violent struggle for freedom with the support and cooperation of their fellow countrymen.

Herald of new era in freedom struggle and Birth of Jamiat Ulama-i-Hind:
In November 1919, the revolutionary Ulama under the leadership of Shaikhul Hind Maulana Mahmood Hasan, on the occasion of the Khilafat conference held at Delhi, resolved to constitute a new organization for carrying on non-violent freedom struggle in cooperation with fellow countrymen. The organization was designated as ‘Jamiat Ulama-i-Hind’. Mufti-e-Azam, Maulana Kifayatullah was elected as the first President. The establishment of the organization was a decisive turning point in their revolutionary movement. They gave up armed struggle and chose non-violent struggle and adopted non-co-operation. That strategy eventually led to freedom of the country.

Role of Jamiat Ulama-i-Hind in Pre-independence India:
 
First Conference: The first conference of the Jamiat was held at Amritsar on December 28, 1919 chaired by Maulana Abdul Bari of Farangi Mahal to lodge protest against the continued imprisonment of Shaikhul Hind and Maulana Azad.
 
Non-cooperation Movement: Following the resolution of Non-cooperation adopted by Allahabad conference in June 1920. The movement was formally launched on August 31, 1920.
 
Fatwa of Non-cooperation: On July 19, 1920 Shaikhul Hind issued a fatwa in favour of non-cooperation which was reconfirmed by 500 Ulamas. The leaders and workers of Khilafat committee and the congress went into struggle against imperialism armed with this fatwa. The British Govt. seized it.
 
Foundation of Jamia Millia Islamia: On October 29, 1920 Shaikhul Hind laid the foundation of Jamia Millia Islamia.
 
Imprisonment of Jamiat leaders: At the Karachi Khilafat conference in July 1921, the call of non-cooperation given by Maulana Hussain Ahmad Madani caused his imprisonment along with Maulana Mohammad Ali Jauhar, Maulana Shaukat Ali, Dr. Kitchlew and Jagatguru Shnkar Acharya.
 
Boycott of foreign goods: Resolution of boycott of foreign goods was passed by Jamiat conference in Nov. 1921 under the leadership of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad.
 
Relief to Mopillas of Malabar
 
Boycott of Assemblies (December 1922)
 
Call for complete independence by Maulana Hussain Ahmad Madai (January 1924)
 
Jamiat was the first to declare boycott of the Simon Commission (December 1927)
 
Participation in all parties conference at Lucknow and rejection of Nehru Report (1928)
 
Cooperation with congress (Amroha conference, May 1930)
 
Civil Disobedience Movement wherefore prominent leaders of Jamiat were imprisoned (1930)
 
Opposition to the infamous Sharda Act for it interference in Muslim Personal Law.
 
Composite nationalism and theory of territorial Nation hood:
Maulana Syed Hussain Ahmad Madani advocated the idea of composite nationalism and joint struggle of all religious communities against the British and justified inter-communal unity and cooperation on the basis of the Quran and the Hadith. At a time when ideas of religion based nationalism were being advocated by the Hindu Mahasabha and the Muslim League. Maulana Hussain Ahmad Madani advanced “the theory of territorial national hood” saying that it is “not necessary that a nation, to be a nation, should share the same religion and culture”. Now a days he said, “nations are made by homelands.”
Maulana Madani and the Ulama like him have been described by Peter Haardy as representing “a sea change in the kind of assumptions Ulama were wont to make about the nature of solidarity of the Islamic community.”
 
Declaration of non-cooperation in the war effort (world war II, 1939-45).
 
Complete Independence:
In the Jamiat Ulama Moradabad conference held at Bachhraon (April 23-25, 1940) Maulana Hussain Ahmad Madani raised the question of Indian independence. As a result he was arrested and imprisoned in Naini Jail.
 
Quit India:
On August 5, 1942 Jamiat gave a call to the British to quit India. Thereafter on August 9 the Bombay session of the Congress passed the famous Quit India resolution which led to the arrest and incarceration of the Congress and the Jamiat leaders.
 
Opposition to the idea of Pakistan:
After 1942, Jamiat Ulama resolutely opposed the idea of Pakistan and its leaders especially Maulana Hussain Ahmad Madani were victims of Muslim League violence.
 
In 1945 at the 14th conference the Jamiat passed its alternative formula for partition.
 
 
Role of JUH in Post Independence India
 

Before independence its main goal was to struggle for freedom of India. After realization of that goal it concentrated upon the religio-socio-economic as well as educational uplift of Indian Muslims.

 
Post partition riots:
The frightful wave of riots that attended upon partition swept through Punjab, Himachal, Delhi, Haryana, West U.P., Bihar etc. demoralised the Muslims. In that situation, it was the death-defying courage of the Jamiat leaders that restored tha confidence of the Muslims in India.
 
Lucknow Conference:
In those very turbulent times that Jamiat called a conference in Lucknow which is unprecedented in significance. It not only gave courage to the demoralised community but also declared abdication from politics.
 
Secularism:
In the post independence period the Jamiat made notable contribution towards making India secular state and farming a secular Constitution.
 
Protection of minorities:
Provisions in the Constitution for protection of minorities, and special facilities for their development, are the fruits of the labours put in by the Jamiat General Secretary, Maulana Hifzur Rahman in his capacity as a member of the Constituent Assembly.
 
Muslim Aukaf:
In 1951 the draft of a Bill for protection of Muslim Aukaf was presented in the Parliament through Mr. Mohammad Ahmad Kazmi. The Bill was passed on March 13, 1953.
 
Relief to communal riots victims:
The Jamiat has been active in providing relief and getting justice for the victims of communal riots that have occurred from time to time.
 
Communal violence:
Maulana Hifzur Rahman and Maulana As’ad Madani energetically raised the problem of communalism and communal violence in the parliament.
 
Conventions:
With the objective of checking the growth and spread of communal violence Maulana Hifzur Rahman convened a Muslim Convention in 1961 and Maulana As’ad Madani organized Democratic Convention (1964) and an Anti Communal Convention (1991) which yielded positive results. It was followed by a much larger Convention under same issue on 12th February 1993.
 
Save the country movement:
To defeat the forces of communal fascism Maulana As’ad Madani launched the “Save the country and community” movement in 1979. In its first phase (July 9-25) 2, 226 people courted arrest and in the second phase (October 2-15) 4, 611 people went to jail.
 
Qadiani blasphemy:
To counter Qadiani blasphemous activities in India Maulana Syed As’ad Madani convened a grand conference to highlight the concept of the finality of Prophet hood at Urdu park, in front of Shahjahani Jama Masjid on June 14, 1997.
 
Bill against religious places:
The Bill introduced by U.P. Govt. interfering with the Constitutional right of freedom of religion was effectively opposed by JUH culminating into unprecedented mass rally held at Ram Lila Ground, New Delhi on 13th May 2000.

Organizational structure and various departments of JUH

1. Jamiat Trust Society:
Established in the year 1963 under societies Registration Act XXI of 1860, Registration certificate No. S.2234 of 1963-64 dated 16.05.1963.Al Jamiat Press and Al Jamiat Book Depot are being run under the said society from 1, Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, New Delhi-2 and Jamiat Building, Gali Qasimjaan, Ballimaran, Delhi-6 respectively.

2. Jamiat Ulama-I-Hind Trust:
The organization establishes and manages all its educational and social welfare projects through this Trust. On 1st march 1986, as per the Deed was executed to establish Trust named ‘Jamiat Ulama-I-Hind’ whereby a board of Trustee constituted of renowned scholars, educationists, Philanthropists and social activists and headed by Maulana Syed As’ad Madani was established.

Aims and objects:

The aims and objects for which Trust was established, are *welfare and uplift of general public, *aid and relief to poor and needy persons, *educational institution and other charitable activities for general public and *not involving the carrying out of any activity for profit and for such purposes.

Financial Transparency and Permission for Foreign Donation:
The Trust maintains 100% transparency in its financial affairs. The A/c of the Trust is audited and balance sheet is submitted at the end of each financial year to the concerned Authorities.
The Trust is registered under Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 1976, Registration No. 231650694 whereby it is allowed to receive donation from foreign countries in foreign currency.


3. Center for Preaching of Islam:
The center undertakes publication of Islamic literature in English, Urdu and Hindi languages for propagation of human and moral values of Islam, exposition of Islamic sciences and culture, the sacred life of Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) and authentic translation of Qur’an and Hadeeth.

4. Jamiat Muslim Secretariat:

Its activities include:
To conduct survey of economic conditions of Indian Muslims, the ratio of their employment in Govt. Jobs, study of the phenomenon of discrimination against Muslim Minority through continuous process of relevant data collection and its analysis to ensure follow up with concerned authorities for the purpose of remedial measures.


5. Islahul Muslimeen:
Established outstanding track record in promotion of Education in economically backward regions as well as in promotion of Islamic faith among the socially backward Muslim communities amenable to religious conversion under social and economic pressure.

6. Islamic Jurisprudence Center:


(Edara-e-Mabahis-Faqhiya)
The institution set up in 1970 conducts theological research and collective deliberations on modern issues such as interest free welfare societies and institutions, adjudication by Qazi and related problems, sale and purchase of the shares of industrial units and export trade, edicts of other schools and limits for their compliance, matters relating to sale and purchase, loans and advances, invalid marriages and insurance etc.

7. Department of Social Reform:
In January 1919, JUH decided to conduct a nation wide campaign for social reform. A special department was set up to oversee implementation of reforms throughout the country in order to eradicate social problems such as Alcoholism, Drug addiction, negative influence of T.V. and Video; exploitation of women through customs of dowry and Tilak; importance of veil, correct procedure of divorce, simple and economical marriage, women privileges and night to inheritance and dower. The programme aims at restructuring social values and customs based upon the principles of social justice, humanism equality and cleanliness of soul and body, the true essence of religion.

8. Board of Religious Education:
As per the provisions of Indian constitution Minorities have to look after the need of the religious education of their children themselves. Jamiat realized this immediately after the independence several conventions were held to find pertinent solutions. Ultimately in the year 1954 in its Bombay convention Board of religious Education was constituted. The widely spread network of Islamic Primary schools witnessed across the width and breadth of the country today with the well drafted syllabus for religious educations and training schedule for teachers can be attributed only to the continuous struggle carried on by the Board.

9. Buildings:
The buildings owned by Jamiat consist of the following:

i. Jamiat Building: The double storied Building located in the commercial heart of old Delhi, Gali Qasimjaan, Ballimaran, houses Al Jamiat Book Depot and office of Jamiat Ulama Delhi.

ii. Central Office Building: Consists of double storied structure in the north, south and east of Abdun Nabi Mosque housing office complex of JUH, Mufti Kifayatullah Meeting Hall, Deptt. of Social Reform, Muslim Secretariat, Publication Deptt., Office of Emarat-e-Shariyah-e-Hind and the Guest House. Attatched to the Complex is famous Abdun Nabi Mosque built in the period of King Akbar wherein besides daily five prayers, Eid & Friday prayers are held with mass congregation.

iii. Madani Hall: It is a 3 storied beautifully constructed modern building housing offices of Al-Jamiat (Urdu) and Shanti Mission (Hindi) weekly in one portion. The 2nd story has the hall dedicated to the memory of Late Maulana Hussain Ahmad Madani where JUH holds its conferences and meetings. On the third floor is located Mahmoodiyah Liabrary stocking more than 12000 books in Urdu, Hindi, English, Arabic and Persian for the benefit of public.

iv. Mujahid-e-Millat Building: Dedicated to the memory of Ex General Secretary Mujahid-e-Millat Maulana Mohammad Hifzur Rahaman, the double storied building is located in the well-known industrial area of Okhla, New Delhi.

10. Relief Fund:
Whether it is natural calamities in the form of floods, draughts, cyclones, earthquake fires or due to human indulgence in the form of riots or conflagration JUH is always found n the fore front providing relief to the unfortunate victims. For this purpose a Relief Fund is Permanently maintained to meet the challenges poring threat to Human lives and property. Hundreds of thousands of victims are benefited by the fund every year.

11. Organisation:
It constitutes one of the most important departments of JUH. The organization of JUH’s activities, its development and extension depends largely upon this deptt. It is staffed by a team of organizers led by the Organising Secretary.

12. Account/Treasury:
It is responsible for maintaining accounts of total financial inflow and out flow under the supervision of a Financial Secretary.

13. Publication:
Under the supervision of a renowned scholar and writer the Deptt. keep the pubic informed through print media about the multifarious activities of JUH and its response to regional, national and international developments in addition to committing the anti Islamic information campaign carried out through mass media.

14. Periodicals:
JUH is Publishing 2 weeklies in Urdu and Hindi regularly providing direct channel information about the policies and actions of the organization.

i. Al-Jamiat Weekly urdu is published every Friday. It is rightly counted as the most effective voice of Muslim community

ii. To cater to all sections of the population in India JUH launched its weekly ‘Shanti’ meaning peace in the national language Hindi. Since October 1993. It is published every Sunday spreading the message of universal peace, friendship and mutual respect to human values.

15. Al-Jamiat Book Depot:
It has created a place of its own as far as promotion of Urdu Language and teaching of basic Islamic faith and values are concerned. Its most important contributions are:

i. Series of 12 basic Islamic primers for children in simple Urdu language and 9 Primers in Hindi Language.

ii.
Islamic syllabus for girls consisting of 5 books in Urdu.

iii.
A set of 4 book lets of Takmeelul Islam in Hindi Language authored by the first President of JUH Mufti Kifayatullah

iv.
Basic primer Small and Basic Primer large (Prep lessons for children to enable them learn the script of Koran.

v. 33 small for children, mostly biographies of the prophets, companious of prophet Mohammad (PBUH) great saints and social reformers. Therefore, above publications the message of Islam, lofty human values and Urdu language has reached most of the homes in India however backward it may be socially and economically.
.

16. Mahmoodiyah Library:
Dedicated to the memory of Hazrat Maulana Mahmood Hassan this library provides more than 12000 multi lingual volumes on wide subjects in addition to precious collection of rare manuscripts and historical documents specially relevant to centuries old Jamiat’s history.

17. Deptt. for Assistance of Widows:
Destitute and shelterless women in dire need of assistance receive material help from the above Deptt. to be able to live with dignity.

18. Educational Scholarship:
Students from economically weaker sections attending professional courses in higher studies institutions such as MBBS, Civil Engineering, M.Com, B.Ed and Chartered Accountancy are awarded scholarships by JUH since the year 1974.

19. Muslim Fund Trust:
It started granting loans without to the needy since 1961 at Deoband. Its benefits are now reaching millions of homes through its 318 sister units located all around the country.

JUH Network of Brand Offices:
Leaving one on two states like J&K, JUH has branches in every state and metropolitan cities of India. The State Branches are subdivided further down to district level with properly constituted working committees, presidents, secretaries and other office bearers.

 
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